Cauliflower is one of the most important vegetables in the Philippines and also one of the most profitable for farmers because of its highest price compared to other main vegetables like string beans, ampalaya, okra, eggplants, and squash.
If you are looking to learn how to plant and grow cauliflower even in your backyard garden, continue reading this “paano magtanim ng cauliflower” guide.
When cauliflower should be planted?
Cauliflower is grown between January to May, with April being the ideal month for its cultivation. However, it all depends on the climate of the area in which we are. It is a plant somewhat sensitive to frost. It needs temperatures between 15-22ºC to develop.
What type of soil is needed by the cauliflower?
You need well-drained and porous soil. The substrate must be rich in nitrogen and potassium. Acidic soils do not suit the vegetable.
How to plant cauliflower?
Growing cauliflower from seed is not recommended due to the time it needs to grow. The ideal is to cut a stem from a harvested cauliflower.
However, if we grow them in seeds we will have to:
- Plant 3 or 4 seeds in a seedbed or directly in the ground.
- Cover it with soil no more than twice its size, between 2-3 cm.
- It germinates between 4-20 days, depending on the temperature and the sun.
- When you have 3 true leaves, we will have the plant.
If we plant the cauliflower in the stem we will have to:
- The planting is recommended to carry out at about 60 x 70 cm.
- It needs plenty of water for its growth.
- And also a lot of hoeing work. The stems are covered with compost mulch.
Can cauliflower be planted in pots?
Yes. For this, we need a container with a capacity of at least 22 liters.
- Cauliflower mostly needs constant humidity.
- Cauliflower watering in the garden should be frequent.
When to harvest cauliflower?
- Cauliflowers take 6 to 8 months to develop.
- They are collected when the mass or pellet is white.
- If it has brownish spots or separate inflorescences it means that it is old.
- These parts could be consumed, but are routinely discarded.
Cauliflower can be planted with the following vegetables
- Celery and thyme: keep the cabbage fly away.
- Lettuce and spinach: protect crucifers from fleas.
- Mint: increases the production of cabbages.
- Peas or beans: provide nitrogen to the soil.
Pests on cauliflower
- Cabbage fly
- Cabbage caterpillar
- Leaf miner
- Slugs and snails
- And among the most frequent diseases are mildew, powdery mildew, and white rust
Additional information on cauliflower
Cauliflower gives off a strong odor when cooked in water. To avoid this, we can add a piece of stale bread or a splash of milk to the cooking. Cauliflower can also be eaten raw, even its leaves can also be used.
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