Sigarilyas, winged bean, or four-angled bean, also known (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) is a class of leguminous vegetable crops commonly grown by tropical and subtropical countries. This is green vegetable have four angel form, curling in the tip portion with a length of 6-9 inches. However, it is popularly grown in some provinces as one of the main sources of production.
Some farmer raisers engage in the production of the winged beans are more satisfying for the long term of production produce, because it can last throughout the year due to its resistance to pests and other diseases that usually attack other crops especially in the ever- before weather conditions.
With the right initiative of the farmer even on any crops that are resistant to diseases, still make sure that the soil has adequate nutrients, regular application of fertilizer, and proper supply of water so that the crops will be useful at harvest time.
Farm preparation for winged bean
For the first step of farming, it is important to know the proper cultivation of the soil, clean the surroundings to avoid refuge of pests that are usually effects to low production. Early preparation is more useful to decompose some weeds as crop residue helps to give additional fertilizer to the soil. This practice is more effective in other farms to prevent some common problems caused by lower yield production, and also the reduction of pests.
Tips for proper planting of sigarilyas
Before planting, think about what is a good planting season to avoid common farm problems. Start midsummer or wet season to have a good moisture content, water supply if the production site is far away in groundwater sources. Winged beans are more productive if they have good water management that absorbs when the plant’s stage of growth.
- Require soil type 6.0 to 7.0 pH, loamy sand, the best type of soil become crops grow immediately and productive.
- Select the best location of the farm for a suitable plant to be planted here. Avoid shaded areas, prone to flood, preferably if it is leveled, have irrigation, good absorption of sunlight (east to west), productive soil.
- You can use organic or inorganic fertilizer such as compost, urea, complete fertilizer to support the total need of crops for reproduction.
- Direct or indirect seeding is advisable for planting winged beans.
- It is required to produce to conduct soil testing analysis to determine the right amount of fertilizer applied in the soil.
- If practice direct seeding, start to soak the seed before planting 2-3 hours before planting.
- Measure depth of hole 2-3 inches with a distance of 1 meter apart. Every eye of the needle put 2-3 seeds to reserve other seeds.
- After planting, give enough water supply to have a good moisture content.
- 4-5 weeks after planting, if the crops are well developed apply organic or inorganic fertilizer by ring application methods to avoid roots system disturbance.
- Before the stage of flowering, apply complete fertilizer (14-14-14) to reproduce and to become well-developed the flowering.
- Monitor your production twice a week to identify some common problems affecting the production. Apply insecticide if the plants already attack pests that would not control biological methods.
Watch this video for a complete guide on how to plant sigarilyas.
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