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What is Serama Chicken Breed

The Serama chicken, also known as Malay Serama, or “Kikiriki Hen” is a breed for ornamental use, or that is also used as a pet. This is due to its physical characteristics which are NOT considered a good producer and its behavior that usually be quite docile and familiar, which makes it a good breed of hen for pets.

If you want to know more about the Serama miniature hen, considered the smallest breed in the world, we invite you to continue reading this article, since here we will talk about its origin, history, characteristics of the breed, etc.

Origin and History of Malay Serama Chicken

The Serama is native to the Malaysian state of Kelantan. This breed is considered to be the result of crossing the Malay breed and Japanese bantams. The modern race of Seramas is credited with its development to Wee Yean Een, who named this variety after Rama Serama because it is the title of the king of Thailand.

Serama rooster and hen

In 1990 this chicken was exhibited for the first time and again in 2004, but many of the chickens of this line were slaughtered due to the bird flu of the Asian epidemic.

The Serama breed has been promoted by different organizations in the United States. One of those organizations is the Serama Council of North America, which helped introduce this breed in many national poultry shows. In 2011, the “American Serama variety” was accepted by the American Poultry Association and the American Bantam Association.

Characteristics of the Serama Hen

The Kikiriki hen is possibly considered to be “the smallest hen in the world”, its size being one of its most outstanding characteristics. The main characteristics of the breed are listed below:

  • They have a muscular body, short, with a high chest.
  • The wings are large in relation to the proportion of its body.
  • The tail points upwards and its feathers are wide.
  • The head is small.
  • The legs are long, straight, and wide.
  • Males weigh approximately 500 grams and females 425 grams.
  • The eggs are beige in color and weigh an average of 25 grams.

The behavior of the Serama breed

Because its feathers are quite attractive and beautiful to look at, people often raise this dwarf hen as ornamental birds. They are a breed with a calm and quiet docile character which makes them easy to handle. Nowadays the Serama has gained popularity as a pet since they tend to become familiar with people easily. This breed of miniature bird has a life expectancy of 7 years, however, they can reach up to 10 years of life.

Reproduction of Serama Chicken

The fertile season and egg production of this breed begin in the months of January to February and from November to December. Females produce an average of 5 to 7 eggs per month that are white to beige in color. Chicks take around 19 days to develop and hatch.

After hatching, the chicks take 16 to 18 weeks to reach maturity and the reproductive stage. Something important to keep in mind is that as it is a small or miniature breed, chickens are quite susceptible to cold, so you should protect your birds in warm places to prevent them from getting sick or even dying.

Types of Serama Chickens

There are three types of Serama chickens that are the following:

  1. Serama Malaysia: it is a miniature hen that has its origin as its name indicates in Malaysia, it developed from the cross of several breeds from which a very typical bird emerged. This variety of Serama does not have weight or color disqualifications and is generally used for table competitions.
  1. American Serama: Although these birds are quite close to the Malaysian standard, they differ in that the American Serama has a stockier and shorter body and the earlobes are white.
  1. British Serama: it is a miniature rooster that is less similar to those of Malaysia, the wings have a vertical position and not in front like those of Malaysia. The chest is large and the tail is upright, which makes it touch the back of the neck.

Color varieties of the Serama breed

There are more than 2,500 colors of this miniature chicken, however, few varieties are officially recognized by the American Poultry Association and the American Bantam Association. Some of the colored varieties of the Serama breed are as follows:

  • Black
  • White
  • Chocolate
  • Blue
  • Brunette
  • Black speckled with white

In January 2018, black Berama was accepted by the Bantam Association of the United States and the Poultry Association of the United States.

Serama Chicken in the Philippines

Serama chickens in the Philippines are available in a number of backyard chicken breeders as pets. There are always available for sale in Facebook Groups but the price varies forms seller to seller.

Some sell adult Serama for P500 while others ask for more than P500. There is no standard for pricing for this type of chicken. It always depends on age, availability, size, and color.

The Serama breed has been promoted by different organizations in the United States. One of those organizations is the Serama Council of North America, which helped introduce this breed in many national poultry shows. In 2011, the “American Serama variety” was accepted by the American Poultry Association and the American Bantam Association.

Characteristics of the Serama Hen

The Kikiriki hen is possibly considered to be “the smallest hen in the world”, its size being one of its most outstanding characteristics. The main characteristics of the breed are listed below:

  • They have a muscular body, short, with a high chest.
  • The wings are large in relation to the proportion of its body.
  • The tail points upwards and its feathers are wide.
  • The head is small.
  • The legs are long, straight, and wide.
  • Males weigh approximately 500 grams and females 425 grams.
  • The eggs are beige in color and weigh an average of 25 grams.

The behavior of the Serama breed

Because its feathers are quite attractive and beautiful to look at, people often raise this dwarf hen as an ornamental bird. They are a breed with a calm and quiet docile character which makes them easy to handle. Nowadays the Serama has gained popularity as a pet since they tend to become familiar with people easily. This breed of miniature bird has a life expectancy of 7 years, however, they can reach up to 10 years of life.

Reproduction of Serama Chicken

The fertile season and egg production of this breed began in the months of January to February and from November to December. Females produce an average of 5 to 7 eggs per month that are white to beige in color. Chicks take around 19 days to develop and hatch.

After hatching, the chicks take 16 to 18 weeks to reach maturity and the reproductive stage. Something important to keep in mind is that as it is a small or miniature breed, chickens are quite susceptible to cold, so you should protect your birds in warm places to prevent them from getting sick or even dying.

Types of Serama Chickens

There are three types of Serama chickens that are the following:

  1. Serama Malaysia: it is a miniature hen that has its origin as its name indicates in Malaysia, it developed from the cross of several breeds from which a very typical bird emerged. This variety of Serama does not have weight or color disqualifications and is generally used for table competitions.
  1. American Serama: Although these birds are quite close to the Malaysian standard, they differ in that the American Serama has a stockier and shorter body and the earlobes are white.
  1. British Serama: it is a miniature rooster that is less similar to those of Malaysia, the wings have a vertical position and are not in front like those of Malaysia. The chest is large and the tail is upright, which makes it touch the back of the neck.

Color varieties of the Serama breed

There are more than 2,500 colors of this miniature chicken, however, few varieties are officially recognized by the American Poultry Association and the American Bantam Association. Some of the colored varieties of the Serama breed are as follows:

  • Black
  • White
  • Chocolate
  • Blue
  • Brunette
  • Black speckled with white

In January 2018, black Berama was accepted by the Bantam Association of the United States and the Poultry Association of the United States.

Serama Chicken in the Philippines

Serama chickens in the Philippines are available in a number of backyard chicken breeders as pets. There are always available for sale in Facebook Groups but the price varies forms seller to seller.

Some sell adult Serama for P500 while others ask for more than P500. There is no standard for pricing for this type of chicken. It always depends on age, availability, size, and color.

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