If you are a breeding fighting cocks or are interested in this type of activity, you have surely heard that birds should be cut off their combs, earlobes, and wattles. This process is called dubbing. Dubbing is not just for fighting cocks but is an activity that is carried out for the health of the animal, since sometimes the comb bends and falls into their eyes, causing damage that sometimes causes the loss of eyesight. There are also those who do it for aesthetics. Big combs sometimes are a hindrance to reaching their food.
If you want to know how and when to debar roosters, continue reading this article. Here we will provide you with the information you need to perform this procedure without damaging the health of your birds.
When is the best time to dub a rooster?
The dubbing of the roosters will depend on the type of climate where it is and other factors. For example, those that live in warm lands should remove the comb from 6 months when they are mature and ready to be adults. Roosters in cold climates should be dubbed between 7 and 8 months of age. Otherwise, if it is done before that period of time, the animals can resent and during a fight, they get cowering.
The cut must be made in the afternoon with the “waning moon” since it is considered that during that time the roosters do not have as much blood on the crest. This is possibly due to the fact that at night, due to the lack of light, the roosters bleed less because the wounds are not scratched. Also, as the nights are colder, the arteries contract, helping wounds to clot better.
When not to dub a rooster
Dubbing a rooster that is not for cockfighting is not recommended but there are also reasons why you should do it. Some are as follows:
- Extremely big combs can bend and hinder their eyesight
- Damaged combs due to several reasons
- Combs that hinder the rooster to reach its food
The comb is the pride of the rooster, therefore, it is not recommended to be removed but due to the above reasons, it becomes necessary.
How to dub a rooster
Before removing the comb, (earlobes, and wattles if necessary), the required materials must be ready, which are the following:
- Strong sharp scalpel, scissors, or box cutter (depending on your preference)
- Ethyl or Isopropyl alcohol
- Nylon thread (to tie the feet)
- Large cloth like a towel or a large rag
We recommend that you preferably use the razor, as it is finer and reduces pain when removing the comb.
- With the thread, hold or tie the rooster’s feet together in such a way that the animal is completely immobilized and you can have better control during the process.
- Wrap the whole body of the rooster except the head. This is to immobilize the whole body especially if you are doing this alone.
- Clean the area where the cut is to be done with alcohol. This is to eliminate the bacteria that could infect the wound after you do the cuttings.
- The surgery should begin with the lobes of the rooster, which is located in the lower part of the animal’s ears. The lobes are shaped like small bags in which blood is stored. Once the lobe to be cut has been identified and selected, the cut must be held and started from top to bottom, in order to separate it and make the cut easier.
- In the event of hemorrhage, press on the wound, sticking the skin again with the removed portion until the blood loss diminishes. Later, we will begin to cut the wattles on the same side, which is located in the lower part of the bird’s beak. For cutting the wattles, the same technique is used as for the earlobes.
- Now, to perform the surgery on the other side of the rooster. Do the same process.
- As you surely know, the rooster’s comb is located on the top of its head. The cut must be made from the back of the ridge, in order for the cut to come out as straight as possible. Besides that, it is simpler and more comfortable for you to perform the cut.
- Once all cuttings are done, apply the wounds with betadine and warp all open wounds with the flour until the blood stops.
Care after dubbing
After removing the rooster’s comb, earlobes, and wattles, you must put the animal in a clean and disinfected area, free of pests such as flies, cockroaches, etc. It is very important to keep the dubbed rooster away from other roosters to prevent them from fighting, otherwise, the dubbed rooster could suffer some internal bleeding. You should also separate it from the chickens since they could peck it and hurt it even more.
In case there is an infection, it is important that you are prepared and have some type of antibiotic on hand to disinfect. In case you notice pus under the scabs or an ulcer near the cut area, you should apply the antibiotic with the recommended dose that appears on the box. Antibiotics are generally applied twice a week and results should be achieved by the third week until the infection clears.
The scabs last about a month and fall off on their own. Make sure that during this period of time he is not in contact with any chicken or rooster to avoid complications.
Watch this simple video on how to dub a rooster below.
Here in the Philippines, we call it “pag pungos” (Tagalog) or “pag sanggol” (Hiligaynon/Ilonggo). The same process applies.
- What is Cornish Chicken Breed
- 5 Natural Antibiotics for Chickens
- 5 Natural Home Remedies for Chickens with Diarrhea
- 7 of the Deadliest Young Chicken Diseases, Treatments, and Preventions
- Why Do Chicks Die Inside the Egg