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Gottingen Minipig: Behavior, Characteristics, Intelligence And More

The Gottingen mini pig (also known as the Göttingen dwarf pig) is a type of miniature pig specifically bred for biomedical research. The Göttingen mini pig, along with other domestic pigs, is a representative of the Sus scrofa domestic species.

This breed of pig is characterized by its short stature and good health. Breeding began in the late 1960s and was supported by the German Institute for Animal Reproduction and Genetics, which belongs to the University of Göttingen, Germany. The species originated from the crossing of Minnesota dwarf pigs, Vietnamese pigs, and common German domestic pigs. Today, breeding is divided into four main locations around the world, and these creatures are used primarily for life-saving biomedical research.

Gottingen minipig

The Gottingen mini pig is a kind of small pig, rather it is the smallest breed of domestic pig known in the world; As an adult, it weighs about 26 kilograms. As well as being known for their exceptionally small size, these tiny Göttingen pigs are known for their docile nature and very clean and well-characterized health.

Breeding of this breed began in the late 1960s at the Institute for Animal Breeding and Genetics at the University of Göttingen, Germany, by crossing the Minnesota mini pig, the large-bellied Vietnamese pig, and the purebred German pig. Landrace; However, Göttingen mini pigs are highly favored as pets, and the breed was developed specifically for biomedical research. Today, they are extensively bred in four different locations around the world.


Like all pigs, dwarf pigs are social animals and form a complex social hierarchy. This hierarchy is manifested in feeding and breastfeeding from the female’s teats. The hierarchy develops both in the wild and in laboratory rearing. Aggressive and sexual behavior of animals can be evident when new groups are formed and the hierarchy is changed. New groups generally stabilize 24 to 28 hours after formation.

As far as possible, miniature pigs are kept in groups in laboratories and it is important that each animal has visual, acoustic, and olfactory contact with other pigs. Animals are very curious and in laboratories, a series of toys and other devices are used to enhance the senses for playing, exploring, and also for learning pigs.

The Mini Pig’s skin, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, kidney, and bladder are very similar to humans in terms of anatomy and function, allowing them to conduct pharmacological and toxicological investigations alike. The hepatic metabolism of miniature pigs is similar to that of humans for most CYP isoenzymes.


In 1992, the first Göttingen cloned mini pigs from Denmark were produced from microorganisms. From this land, Göttingen pigs are used for biomedical research carried out throughout Europe and, to a lesser extent, in North America. In 2003, the Göttingen Pig Farmers Association was created in the United States.

Since 2010, this variety of pork has also been available in Japan. The global use of Göttingen mini pigs for biomedical research has increased in the last two decades. In the United States in the 2010s, Göttingen pigs were bought and sold locally as pets in many places. This breed is now a popular breed of pig, well known for its small size.

The Göttingen minipigs were created at the University of Göttingen, Germany, and are the result of crossing the Minnesota mini pig, the Vietnamese pig, and the German Landrace pig. The Göttingen mini pig was made available to the German biomedical research community in the late 1960s.

The Göttingen mini pig has a well-defined and strictly controlled genetic base. In the beginning, the Göttingen pig was used mainly for dermal research, but now it is used in all fields of biomedical research, including basic research, toxicology, pharmacology, and the evaluation of the safety of new drugs, medical devices, food additives, and agrochemicals.


Mini pigs are praised for their active, patient, and friendly demeanor. These mini pigs are fond of human contact and can be easily attached to a person like a baby who found a mother. They are harmless and peaceful animals that can entertain anyone due to their tendency to be playful and a bit clumsy. Other than this, pigs are actually very clean animals, not like the pigs we know.

Gottingen minipigs can make great pets for pig owners, and for the first time, some kind of pig can be trusted when they are around children, as long as the child is supervised and does not harm the pig-like game gesture. These mini pigs may have a small body, but they have a great personality waiting to surprise us, they have pure hearts.

Unlike other breeds, Gottingen mini pigs do not develop dominant behavior and not even territorial behavior. They’re smart enough to know that their size can’t stand to cause trouble, but of course, even large pigs avoid conflict as much as they can. These mini pigs are easily loved by anyone who comes across them.


Apart from being such peaceful animals, they are also very intelligent. Like any other pig, they learn very quickly and can remember many things. It is a fact that pigs rank fifth among the most intelligent animals in the world, and Gottingen’s mini pigs would not be used for medical research if they were not intelligent and easy to treat.

Pigs are also capable of outsmarting chimpanzees, one of the smartest animals we’ve ever known! Gottingen’s mini pigs can also surprise us with their great memory, as well as how quickly they can learn and pick up clues about certain things.

In addition to ranking fifth in the world rankings, scientific studies and research also indicate that an average pig has the same level of intelligence as a 2-year-old human child. They found that pigs can have a better focus and produce a higher success rate when it comes to trials and challenges than dogs and chimps.

Not all dogs can learn as fast as a pig, as some dogs are known for being stubborn or even full of pride. Although they are usually submissive, many dogs can be stubborn when it comes to training. Unlike pigs that seem to learn naturally without feeling forced. They are obedient animals, and they tend to learn faster due to their ability to concentrate better.


Gottingen minipigs have no known wild habitat as they live in captivity from the time they were created. In general, the wild habitat of most pigs can be moist forests, swamps, and forests, especially oak forests, and regions where seeds are abundant.

All pigs, especially small breed pigs like Gottingen mini pigs, prefer to live in places with a favorable climate. Although they live best in mild or cold temperatures, they can still be sensitive to a severe cold or extreme heat.
These pigs are prey animals and should also be kept away from potential predators. If they have ample space to graze outside, there should be fencing to keep animals like wolves, coyotes, or even regular stray dogs out. Most pigs are sensitive to harsh weather conditions and therefore must be protected from extreme heat and intense cold. They must be protected from rain and any type of storm.


Although Gottingen mini pigs have never known nature because they were domesticated from the moment they were born, they still retain their wild instincts and natural features. Another reason that pigs like Gottingen mini pigs have such great intelligence compared to others is that they are prey animals.

Most of the pets that a person has and raises are predatory animals like cats and dogs, so now we are being surprised by prey like pigs and their capabilities. Prey animals need to be more alert than predators and can therefore develop a more sensitive way of life. They need to be smarter than their fast and strong predators.

Pigs possibly learned to improve their intelligence by adapting and learning to outsmart their predators. Predators don’t have to be on guard most of the time, they are usually comfortable anywhere, and they don’t fight as hard as prey when looking for food.

When they are always on the edge, these animals are desperate to hold on to survival. While those at the top have it easy and tend to forget the significance of challenges at times. When life is tough, it teaches living things to be strong. Even if they are prey animals, if their minds are strong, their chances of survival will definitely increase.


Like most breeds, Gottingen mini pigs typically become sexually mature between 6 and 7 months of age. Breeders may prefer to breed them around 1 year of age for later breeding.

Gottingen minipig sows usually give birth to 5 to 10 piglets each time the sows are pregnant. Depending on the age of the pig, the number of piglets produced may increase or decrease. The average life expectancy of the Gottingen mini pig is 15-20 years.

Although popular pet “mini pigs”, including the Gottingen mini pig, are said to have a shorter lifespan due to their complicated and selective breeding, many pig owners report that their pets managed to live up to 15 years or more. To this day, it is rare for a Gottingen mini pig to be born with health problems like other pigs that are also the product of selective breeding.


Gottingen minipigs are becoming a successful breed since they first appeared. Unlike many other breeds that are threatened and endangered, these types of mini pigs have never been in danger. It is good for people to learn to respect animals and to recognize the fact that the health and welfare of animals are of utmost importance for the future, especially for this Göttingen mini pig breed as genetic material is of high quality in the biomedical industry.

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