Vaccination is extremely important to ensure the lowest mortality rate possible among chickens and to increase production. Vaccination can be done from the first day the chick is born after the egg is hatched and should be done occasionally during its entire lifetime.
Most of these vaccines are a live form of the virus that should be handled with utmost care. The following should be observed when buying a live vaccine from poultry or Agrivet supply store.
- Make sure to buy vaccines from the nearest store to minimize travel time.
- Buy only what is needed to avoid unnecessary storage.
- Make sure the vaccine is chilled during transit to your farm. Place the vaccine in a container full of ice.
- After the vaccine is used, make sure to bury the remaining vaccines. Proper disposal is necessary. It is not recommended to keep the leftover inside your refrigerator especially if the vaccine is diluted/mixed with another vaccine, like NCD B1B1 or NCD Lasota.
When to administer the vaccine
Vaccines can be administered from day one and up to multiple times during the bird’s lifetime. There are many different types of schedules and administration as other people stick to what they have experienced but the following is our own schedule based on years of experience.
The following vaccination schedule is recommended.
Please note that this vaccination program is not only for broilers but also for free-range chicken, young gamefowls, and also for growing layers.
Marek’s Disease Vaccine – Injection
Marek’s disease has no cure and is highly contagious. Application is done by injecting 0.2ml of the mixed vaccine under the chick’s skin above its shoulder just below its head. (See image below).
NCD B1B1 (New Castle Disease B1 Type, B1 Strain) – Eye Drop
This vaccine contains the B1 type, B1 strain of the Newcastle disease virus. It is recommended for the initial vaccination of healthy chickens at one day of age using the eyedrop. Just tell the poultry supply that you need an NCD B1B1 and they’ll know what to give and how to handle the vaccine. Stores always sell this vaccine with an icepack.
DAY 3 to 8
Premoxil Powder – Drinking Water
Promoxil s not a vaccine but a preventive medication against cold and other respiratory infections. Premoxil is sold in sachet, tablet, or in a container. To administer, mix 5 grams of powder with 1 gallon of clean water and serve to your chicks. Do this every morning for 5 consecutive days. Serve clean plain water during the afternoon while serving the medicine during the morning. Premoxil is also given to make sure chicks are healthy and energetic before given the fowlpox vaccine which will be given on 2th day.
IBD / Gumboro vaccine – Drinking Water
Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) / Gumboro Disease vaccine is given to strengthen the bird’s immune system against a deadly universal disease. The vaccine should be done in the morning and make sure chicks are this so they will drink more. Mix only the needed amount. Replace the vaccine with clean drinking water later the same day.
DAY 20 to 25
Tepox 48 – Drinking Water
Tepox 48 is given to prevent and cure digestive diseases like Colibaccilosis (yellow droppings), Pullorum Disease (white droppings), and malaria. The administration is similar to Premoxil. Mix 5 grams of powder with 1 gallon of clean water and serve to your chicks. Do this every morning for 5 consecutive days. Serve clean plain water during the afternoon while serving the medicine during the morning. The same dosage Tepox 48 should be given to your flock every 45 days during their lifetime.
NCD Lasota – Drinking Water
Similar to NCD given during the first day but with Lasota strain. Follow the same process. Repeat the process (NCD Lasota) every 3 months after the first administration.
Fowlpox Vaccine – Wing Web
Fowlpox (bulutong) vaccine is given to combat the very contagious and deadly fowlpox virus. The vaccine is administered through a wing web using the applicator needle. The process is done by dipping the needle into the vaccine and inserting it through the thin part of the bird’s wing called the wing web. Slightly turn the needle before removing it to make sure the vaccine stays inside the bird’s skin.
Bastonero Plus (Deworming) – Drinking Water
Bastonero Plus should be administered similarly to Tepox 48 and Premoxil. Make sure hicks are thirsty in the morning to make sure they drink more medicine. Repeat the process after 6 months and every 3 months thereafter.
Axylin Powder – Drinking Water
For the prevention, control, and treatment of Coccidiosis caused by Eimeria spp (E. tenella. E. necatrix , E. mivati, E. brunetti , E. acervulina. E. maxima.) Leucocytozoonosis (Avian Malaria) and other mixed infections. Dosage and administration similar to Tepox 48 but should not be repeated. Do this only once.
Proper administration of the above vaccines and preventive medications could eliminate major medical problems that could increase your production whether you are planning to raise broilers, breeders, and even game fowls.
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