The Guinea Fowl or also called Pintadas are interesting birds to breed. It can also be used to provide eggs, meat, pest control, and alert birds. They also attract birds to have in the neighborhood. Whatever your reason for raising these birds, they will make a good addition to your farm.
The guinea fowl is a practically unknown bird in Spain and in most European countries, except France and Italy, which are the two largest producers of guinea fowl meat in Europe, and are responsible for 99 percent of one-day pintados that enter on European farms. Graffiti has been introduced to Europe for commercial purposes by the French, in order to compete with game meat
They originate in West Central Africa south of the Sahara, and although they were already known to the Greeks and Romans, they have only recently been exploited in order to compete with game meat. Medium-sized bird from 53 to 63 cm. depending on the lineage. Ovoid body shape, slender neck, downward sloping tail, and tarsi with the thumb are higher than the other fingers.
Even if guinea fowl are a bit wilder, their reproduction, called agricultural agriculture, resembles that of chickens, however, with some differences. It should be known that Guinea fowl are domestic animals that are quite shy and nervous. That is why they live in small groups of four or five. Here’s what you need to know to raise guinea fowl well.
They have a small and short head as well as the beak, a reddish-brown pyramidal horn cap. Intense red caruncles. With a bluish-gray or pearl gray plumage with white sequined spots. The skin is white, slightly bluish on the head although with black spots.
Guinea Fowl Habitat
To raise guinea fowls, it is better to have a field in the country, with no neighbors too close. It should be known that these pets, and especially the males, are very loud due to their high-pitched cries and screams. If guinea fowls are simple enough to breed, it should be possible to separate them from other animals in the pen because they are quite disputed. On the other hand, it is advisable to keep guinea fowl away from cultivated areas where they can cause harm.
Otherwise, there is no need to provide shelter with special characteristics. A simple makeshift shelter can be enough from the moment it can be put out of danger from possible predators, as well as drafts, because the guinea fowl is cold, especially the smallest, the guinea fowl. These domestic birds require a well-maintained litter made of soft, moisture-wicking wood chips that are not suitable for guinea fowl at all.
Guinea fowl need perches, located at least 1.5 meters above the ground, where they settle to sleep.
Guinea Fowl Feeding
Guinea fowl are omnivorous. When raised outdoors, they are true insect eaters. Guinea fowl spend their time detecting the slightest movement in the pasture and capturing their food, which is also made up of sprouted grains and vegetation. You can give them in addition to cereal mixes such as wheat, oats, barley, or corn. If your guinea fowls do not have enough room for a very balanced diet, you will need to supplement their food with fresh greens and pâtés (mixtures of flour, bran, herbs, and water) like those intended for chickens.
Water is an integral part of the guinea fowl feed. It is important to make sure they always have enough and that the water is clean and healthy.
The Health of Guinea Fowl
Guinea fowl mortality is quite significant. It is due, among other things, to excessive heat, or on the contrary to too cold, lack of space, drinkers contaminated by diseases, or the presence of worms, for example. Adults, Guinea fowl are prone to diseases (Newcastle disease, infectious bursal disease, fowl pox, etc.) and others caused by worms or external parasites such as mites, ticks, fleas, and lice. To avoid these health problems, the important thing is to feed them well and protect them well.
What Regulation for a Guinea Fowl Farm?
As for all farm animals, the breeding of guinea fowl is not subject to specific authorizations as long as the number of animals older than 30 days does not exceed 50. In addition to this, it is considered As an agricultural farm to comply with specific regulations for professionals.
6 Easy Steps To Raise Guinea Fowl At Home And Make It Productive
Step 1: Buy More Than One Guinea Fowl
Buy six chicks. These are available in poultry stores, and buying six will ensure that at least one is a male to fertilize the eggs. It is desirable to start with healthy chicks if you plan to raise guinea fowl.
Step 2: Feeding
Drinker for chickens, food for baby pheasant or turkey, an incubator with a heating lamp.
Feed the chicks pheasant or turkey baby food and keep them warm and happy. Set the temperature in your incubator at 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees C) for the first week. You can go down to the temperature five degrees per week
Step 3: Water Matters
Soak the chicks’ beaks when they arrive. This will help them learn to drink water. Keep his drinker full of clean and warm water, as this will keep his body temperature high.
Step 4: Chicken Coop Construction
Build a chicken coop for your guineas. These birds like to wander around the farm, looking for insects and vermin to eat. However, if you get them used to the chicken coop, they will often return to sleep there at night.
Step 5: Restrict Their Food And They Will Help You Fight Pests
Limit your food during the summer months. This will cause them to eat more ticks, crickets, and even small rodents. You can support their diet with turkey feed if you wish.
Step 6: Playback
Let nature take its course. The female and male will know when to breed and how to care for their young and you can rest and enjoy watching your little flock grow. They have been exploited mainly as producers of high-quality meat more similar to chicken. The annual number of eggs per guinea fowl is from 160 to 180. Egg weight at 30 or 35 weeks from 38 to 39 g. Egg weight at 55 or 60 weeks 51 to 52 g.
The best results are obtained through artificial insemination, this means having the adult birds in controlled environment houses and installed in batteries. Production of “label” poultry. Birds have to be raised in the wild, so much more space is required than when they are exploited in confinement.