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Duck farming guide: How to raise and grow ducks at home properly

Hello reader, if you are reading this it is surely because you are very interested in raising ducks. This activity is very beautiful and productive but you have to take into account some of the things that I will tell you in this post. If you are here because you are looking for a duck raising guide and tips and a manual for growing ducks, continue reading.

Ducks have a high level of socialization and it is that in nature they usually live in large groups; in fact, due to their affable nature and talent for living together, they have won the affection of many people, who choose to adopt them to raise them at home.

Duck farming in the Philippines is becoming more popular due to high demand of balut and also duck meat.

Muscovy Duck image credit audubon.org

The duck is a noble bird and it adapts perfectly to the environment that we can give, but we must bear in mind that they are lovers of flying; So if we consider for a moment adding these types of birds to our breeding, it will be convenient to cut part of a wing, this helps them not to fly away and get lost. When the ducks fly out, it is very likely that they will not return, this is not because they do not want to, but because they do not know the way back and can easily get lost.

How to raise ducks at home

When it comes to raising ducks, the most important consideration is that we must make a cage and inside it a pool for them to swim.

Making a mesh cage is a good option, and this will also prevent them from jumping and hitting each other.

How to hatch duck eggs

The removal of the cuticle has always been a common practice in the incubation of duck eggs. However, this recall has a risk of contamination which will have a negative impact on hatchery results.

Natural incubation process

In nature, the cuticle of duck eggs gradually deteriorates during incubation due to the turning of the breeding bird and activity in the nest. This deterioration increases the extraction of the pores and consequently, the level of gases throughout the natural incubation process. During the first 10 days, the embryo is very weak to contamination.

The incubation time of the duck will last 25 days, the temperature to incubate duck eggs has to be about 36.7ºC minus the last 3 days which should be lowered to 35.5ºC. As for humidity, it has to be around 45% or 55%.

As with the temperature, in the last few days, we have to increase it to 70% or 85% to facilitate the breaking of the shell. After hatching it is advisable to lower the humidity below half so that the duckling dries well. If you are growing ducks for balut egg production, an incubator is needed.

Creole duck breeding

Creole ducks are very calm and of different colors. They are native to arboreal birds, for which we must cut the wings from time to time

This breed produces meat that is characterized by its rapid growth, its hardiness, and its ability to adapt to various climates.

The Creole duck has a lower fat content and better muscle development than several breeds of meat ducks and they are known as mute ducks because they do not present the squawking of common ducks, they are also ducks with short large wings.

Proper feeding for ducks

Ducks are omnivores and require a varied diet. More than 80% of your diet is made up of vegetables, fruits, seeds, and a variety of grains. They also eat animal foods such as fish and insects.

An adult duck consumes between 200 and 250 grams of food per day, this also varies depending on its species, sex, and age.

Food for baby ducks

It is necessary that the baby ducks have a higher protein consumption (between 15 and 20%) of their intake. A supply of protein can be raw oats.

Young ducks need calcium like corn, which will help to successfully produce eggs.

It should be noted that along with these foods a source of clean water must be provided.

How to fatten ducks

When it comes to fattening ducks, they have to be of advanced age. The male duck should have an intake of 9 kg and that of the females of 5 kg, taking into account a diet of corn, soy cake, bran, fish meal, calcium carbonate, salt, choline chloride plus the consumption of water than 4 liters per kilogram of food.

Cage for raising ducks

When we raise the ducks, it is important that they are spacious, where the animal can rest and protect itself. The dimensions will depend on the number of ducks.

It is essential that the duck has clean water, which they enjoy while swimming freely, grooming, and refreshing themselves daily.

There are several types of cages for raising ducks that are:

Hatchling cages

These cages are used by using plastic, wood, or cardboard fences of 4 meters in diameter, inside the fence a heat source is placed and also the drinking troughs. Before placing the baby ducks, the cages should be cleaned several weeks in advance, and then the beds made of straw, rice husks, shavings, etc.

Fattening cages

In fattening cages it is necessary to divide two parts by means of a row of blocks, one part providing the rest area and the other part being arranged as feeders and drinkers.

The cages must have a straw, ground corn crown, rice husks, to keep the floor of the cages dry and thus maintain adequate temperature and humidity.

Duck feeders

For one-week-old baby ducks, flat feeders are used, from the third week to the fifth, linear V-shaped feeders are used, after the fifth week, which is growing and fattening ducks, hopper-type feeders will be used.

Drinkers

The most commonly used or most common drinkers are those made of plastic or aluminum, for ducks of other stages, those made of galvanized aluminum are used.

Breeding ducks for meat

The domestication of ducks has allowed the creation of a series of breeds that help various purposes that allow us to have a wide range of uses

The main breeds of ducks for meat are:

  • Rouen
  • Mule
  • Beijing or Pekin
  • Muscovy
  • Aylesbury

How are ducks born?

For the ducks to be born, the hen has to be cuddled by the duck so that they lay their eggs and reproduce, later the hen will look for a place to put the nest, commonly the hen looks for a place where it is away from the water. The nests are usually made of their own feathers, they can also be made with leaves and grass, to provide a good temperature to the eggs.

The hen lays one egg per day, they can lay up to 12 eggs, when it has finished laying the last egg, the incubation process begins, the eggs must have a minimum temperature of 38 degrees Celsius.

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