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What is Chabo (Japanese Bantam) Chicken Breed

The Chabo, also known in many parts of the world as the Japanese Bantam, is a breed of chicken native to Japan. It is a legitimate bantam breed, which means there is no standard size counterpart. The word “Chabo” means bantam, dwarf, or miniature in Japanese.


The Chabo is a breed of miniature chicken with a large crest, extremely short legs, and an elegantly arched tail. It has a large, upright tail that slopes forward on the body creating a V-shaped appearance. The wings are large and in combination with its short legs, they make the wings touch the ground. Its legs are yellow.

Chabo’s crest and earlobes are generally large in roosters and medium-sized in chickens. And they are bright red. Its unique crest shows us five well-defined points that are standing. Their eyes are dark brown or reddish in color and their beak is in shades of yellow. His skin color is yellow.

Due to their large crest, they are prone to frostbite. During winter, they should be kept indoors and warm. It is generally a gentle bird and does best in hot climates.

Breed varieties

There are many color varieties of Japanese rooster chicken. But all color varieties are not recognized by the American Poultry Association.

The American Poultry Association recognizes only the color varieties: Black, Barred, Red Brown, Blacktail White, Gray, Speckled, Wheat, and White. There are also terry feather and silk feather variations available from the Chabo. On average, roosters weigh around 510-600 grams and hens weigh around 400-500 grams.

Breed temperament

The Chabo is mainly kept as an ornamental breed. They are excellent pets. Originally bred as luxurious garden birds of the aristocratic class of Japanese society. It can be a difficult breed of chicken to keep for new poultry farmers due to its shape. And their plumage is difficult to perfect and requires extra care and attention.

The Chabo is a bird that is easy to tame, although roosters can be aggressive. They are not a robust breed and are good fliers.

Egg production

Chabo hens lay a regular amount of white eggs (about 100 eggs per year weighing 23-31g each). They tend to hatch their eggs and are exceptional mothers. The breed suffers from a lethal gene combination that renders 25% of the chicks unable to hatch.


The Chabo or Japanese bantam is a legitimate bantam breed known for its size, extremely short legs, large crest, and striking arched tail. He is also known as Chabo, Shojo Chabo, and Katsura Chabo. The word “Chabo” means bantam, dwarf, or miniature in Japanese.


As its name suggests, the ‘Chabo’ is a breed of chicken native to Japan. These ornamental birds have come a long way in history. They are believed to have first arrived in Japan from China in the early 1600s when they began to appear in Japanese paintings. In Japan, they are called “Chabo” which means “bantam” or “dwarf” in Japanese, but it is also Japan’s old name for Southeast Asia. It is believed that they arrived in the United Kingdom in the 1860s and the first Japanese Bantam Club was formed at Crystal Palace (London) on November 12, 1912. The club was not active during the two World Wars but then resumed. activities. The club briefly merged with the Frizzle club in 1946, but this did not last long. The current Japanese Bantam Club of Great Britain was formed in 1961.

The sheer beauty of this breed is probably why they have graced the gardens of the Japanese aristocracy for centuries, and it is also the reason why they are one of the most prized rooster breeds in courtyards and bird shows today. in day.

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