When you start raising chickens, one of the most important things to consider is the type of home you will provide for your birds. A chicken coop is more than just a shelter structure. The right chicken coop will help your birds feel safe, comfortable, and happy in their backyard. On the other hand, a poorly constructed chicken coop can stress your chickens and leave them vulnerable to predators and disease.
What is a chicken coop?
A chicken coop is a house where chickens are kept safe from predators or harsh weather conditions. In the chicken coop, nest boxes are provided for the hens to lay their eggs and perches where they can be flown to sleep.
We all deserve to have a roof to keep us safe over our heads, and with your chickens, it is no different. Chickens are hardy creatures and some breeds do well even in cold temperatures, but that doesn’t mean you want to leave them outside all winter long.
A well-built chicken coop will keep your birds safe from cold winter nights and hot summer sun. It’s important to insulate your coop so your birds can have a warm place to sleep in the winter. At the same time, you also need adequate ventilation so that air can flow through the structure and avoid high humidity or moisture build-up. Also, always be on the lookout for leaks or other damage that could expose your birds to rain, high winds, or other precipitation inside the house.
Chicken coop in the Philippines
I grew up in a rural area in Negros Occidental and our chickens were freely loitering around. Chicken coop in the Philippines was not popular before but since the human population is growing, chickens need to be confined especially during nighttime to keep them safe from robbers and other predators.
Today, if you are backyard farming in the Philipines, a safe chicken house is highly recommended and a must not only keep your birds safe but also avoid any unforeseen issues with your neighbors especially if you are living in populated areas. There are a number of designs available but the best is always made of whatever available materials in your backyard without spending a lot of cash.
The number of your chicken will determine the size of your chicken coop. For 20 adult hens, a 10ft by 6 ft is enough and you can increase the size as your flock gets bigger.
Why do you need a chicken coop?
A well-designed chicken coop is not a cruel way to house chickens, but rather a way to keep chickens safe and comfortable, which will increase the productivity and profitability of your flock. A chicken coop is essential for many reasons, including …
A strong and sturdy chicken coop will keep your chickens safe from predators such as foxes, snakes, rats, raccoons, hawks, owls, and cats. Additionally, a safe chicken coop also ensures that your chickens do not roam in unsafe areas, particularly in urban or suburban areas where nearby streets or traffic can be dangerous for your poultry.
While chickens easily adapt to different climates and climatic conditions, they still need a shelter where they can stay safe from torrential rains, strong winds, extreme heat, and intense cold. Your chicken coop will help keep your chickens more comfortable and safe from dangerous climates.
3. Resting place
Chickens need a safe, familiar space to sleep at night, and your chicken coop will do just that. A good chicken coop also allows chickens to perch while maintaining their social hierarchy, which will help minimize territorial behavior that can lead to fighting or harassment in the herd. This will also ensure that you have healthy, well-rested chickens.
4. Egg-laying place
If you keep chickens for egg production, your chicken coop is critical to having adequate laying space for the chickens to produce more eggs. Properly sized and spaced laying boxes will not only keep your hens more comfortable for better laying, but it will also make it easier for you to collect the eggs with less stress and hassle for the birds.
Chickens get very used to habits and routines, and using your coop as a proper feeding space will teach your chickens to return to the area when it is time to be fed. This will help you better monitor and maintain your chicken coop, ensuring that each bird is fed properly and giving you the opportunity to observe your chickens for potential health problems.
There are times when it will be necessary to confine your chickens to a smaller area or keep them away from parts of your property where they are not welcome. For example, if you must exercise the dogs, chickens can be put in the coop so that the dogs can run freely without disturbing the flock. Your chicken coop can also keep birds out of garden or landscape areas so they don’t finish new plants.
Characteristics of a chicken coop
There are many styles, sizes, and designs of chicken coops, whether you plan to build your own structure or prefer to buy a ready-made chicken coop. Before you begin, check with your city or other local authorities about house restrictions, and when choosing or designing a house, keep these key characteristics in mind to ensure it meets all of your chickens’ needs.
Protection against predators
A raised chicken coop will be less vulnerable to small predators, and all cracks, holes, and crevices need to be tightly sealed to keep predators looking to eat your chickens out. The windows must have a resistant mesh so that predators cannot enter.
Your coop should provide enough space for all of your birds to be comfortable. The exact size of your chicken coop will depend on the number of chickens you have in your adult size.
Odors from chicken feces, rotting bedding, and loose feathers can lead to respiratory problems in your chicken coop, so good ventilation is essential for your coop. Windows are ideal, and you can also install vents to ensure good air circulation.
Your chicken coop will need adequate resting space for each hen, and several levels of raised perches are best for meeting the herd hierarchy. An old wooden ladder or thick dowels can be great options for easy shelter in a home chicken coop.
Choose nest boxes that are the appropriate size for your laying hens and make sure they are filled with safe and comfortable bedding to protect the eggs. Check the boxes regularly for hidden eggs or eggs that have been pushed sideways and lost during regular collection.
Chickens may not be as hygienic as humans, but they still like to have a clean place to live. With regular cleaning and maintenance, your chicken coop can remain a healthy place for your chickens. It is important to choose a chicken coop design that is easy to clean. Can you easily reach the corners of the chicken coop? You should also pay attention to the type of bedding you use. Keeping bedding clean and dry is a big part of preventing pests, diseases, and even unpleasant odors that might otherwise affect your birds.
In some parts of the world, chickens are kept in horrible conditions and cruelly exploited by the egg industry to produce eggs at the cheapest possible price. At gallinaponedora.com we do not share these rearing methods and we treat chickens with the respect and love they deserve.
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