Sunday, July 3News That Matters

Organic Food for Chicken: Green Papaya

Much research was conducted on the effectiveness of papaya as chicken food, dewormer, and anti-oxidants.

The chemical composition of dried papaya (Carica papaya) skin (DPS) was determined and its potential as a dietary ingredient for broiler chickens was investigated at dietary concentrations of 0, 40, 80, and 120 g/kg.

  1. DPS was found to give similar food consumption, food conversion efficiency, survivability, and meat yields (except male liver weight) to a control diet when used up to 120 g/kg of diet.
  2.  Weight gain tended to increase with the dietary concentration of DPS up to 80 g/kg.
  3. It was concluded that DPS could safely be used up to 120 g/kg in the diet of broiler chickens.

Papaya is the fruit of the tree-like plant Carica papaya, of the plant family Caricaceae. C. papaya is native to tropical Americans and Mexico and has a long history of use in traditional medicines, for its nutritional, digestive, and medicinal properties. Fresh, ripe papaya is one of the richest sources of vitamin C (even more than that found in oranges). It contains several unique protein-digesting proteolytic enzymes, including papain and chymopapain, and is also rich in iron and calcium; a good source of flavonoids (beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin), and vitamins A, B, and G.

Specific applications relating to poultry include:

  • Deworming: Papaya latex was shown to result in a 77.7% reduction in eggs per gram of droppings from chickens against Ascaridia galli and Cappilaria spp.
  • Antibacterial: Papaya seeds have been shown to be effective against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coliSalmonella aureus, and Pseudomonas aeuroginosa.
  • Anticoccidial: Papaya is used for control of coccidiosis by farmers in the Jinja district in eastern Uganda and local poultry producers in the Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. A study conducted on 25 broiler chickens with coccidiosis confirmed the addition of 0.1-0.2% Azadirachta indica and Papaya in powder form, added to the chickens’ feed for 6 weeks was beneficial.
  • Antifungal: Adding papaya extract may help prevent the overabundance of Candida albicans, yeast-like fungi known for causing sour crop.
  • Antiviral: Papaya is given to chickens suffering from Newcastle disease by farmers in the Jinja district in eastern Uganda. A decoction/cold water extract is prepared using the root and seeds.

How to Prepare Green papaya as Chicken FoodThe following video explains how to prepare Papaya as chicken food.

In the Philippines where papaya is abundant especially in rural areas, raising a chicken will not be a problem even with the higher feed cost.

Scientific References

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