Raising pigs in the Philippines is a good business. This has been practiced by Filipinos for decades. Residents in rural communities raise pigs in their own backyards. Often, Filipino families raise pigs to supplement their income for daily expenses.
When parents are both squatted by their occupation, their children help raise the litter, until it has reached the right weight to sell and butcher.
Did you know that here in the Philippines, more pigs raised in the yard are sold in the markets compared to those from commercial piggeries? Just proof that raising pigs is already part of Filipino culture.
Despite the difficulties faced by the pig breeding industry, many people still venture to enter and continue this business. Thus, this article was made with the aim of providing accurate information about proper pig care for extra family income.
Finding the right breed of fattener pig to grow
The grow-out production system is a system of raising litter pigs until they have reached the right weight as opposed to breeding your own piglets.
One of the foundations of a successful grow-out operation is taking litter pigs and raising them during periods of high pork flattering.
Based on the experience of pig farmers, the income becomes higher in the months of November to February.
Thus, litter pigs reared from August to November are likely to be sold at higher flattering rates.
Benefits of fattening pig farming
Here are the benefits of pig farming, if grow out system you will implement:
Your capital will return faster than if you take care of a mother and wait for it to give birth and then raise it. If you depend on the sow, it will take you a year for the sow to get pregnant until the pigs are sold. With the grow-out system, your wait is only three and a half to four months!
If you are caring for a sow, it needs extra care while it is pregnant. Caring for newborn piglets is also laborious. You can avoid this if you just buy piglets that you will fatten.
You don’t have to wait for the next batch of litters, you can buy new ones as soon as you sell the previous batch.
Challenges associated with pig care
While there are advantages to raising pigs in a grow-out system, there are also challenges or disadvantages that you should be aware of and consider if you are planning to start your own pig farming business.
Here are some of them:
- There are expenses that will be incurred not only on the purchase of litter piglets but also on the transportation as well as on the agents who help you find litter during pigs a time when the supply of pigs is scarce.
- When piglets come from different places or different sources, there is a higher possibility that your piglets will contract the disease.
- The price of litter pigs varies depending on the market price. So, the income from raising the piglets you buy is high if the price of the live pig is also high. Meanwhile, your losses will double when the price suddenly drops.
Place and layout of your piggery
Here are the things you should keep in mind if you are planning to build your pigsty:
- Your pigsty should be conscious of the place where many people live. It should be far from houses or at least far enough that the smell could not disturb them.
- It should be at a distance of 25 meters from the water source such as a well or well
- The pigsty especially if it is large should be one kilometer away from households and place of business
Here are the rules for the proper construction of your pigsty
- The pigsty should be built properly to ensure that your piglets are well-groomed. Poor pig housing will only increase the incidence of your pets getting sick.
- For small piggery that is only in the yard, cheap materials that are easily available in your places such as bamboo and roofs are right to use in building your piggery.
- Your pigsty should be built in a relatively tilted place so that your yard does not become muddy and your pig care will be easier.
- Permanent piggeries should have a cement floor for easier cleaning and fewer plagues and diseases. Make sure the floor is not too rough or too slippery to ensure that your pets do not have problems or foot pain.
Here are the things to keep in mind about proper pig care and proper feeding:
- They simulate feeding new litters of commercially available pre-starter feeds when your pig is one week old.
- Pig feed should be changed depending on the different stages of your pet’s growth. The change of feed is done slowly so as not to stress the stomach of the piglets.
- Starter feeds are given to the litter from weaning until the second month at a weight of 10 to 25 kilograms.
- Next, the grower is given to the pig when they are 30 to 35 kilos or two months old until they reach 20 weeks.
- When the pig is 60 kilos, or over 20 weeks old, they need to be given finisher feeds.
- You can now give them leaves like sweet potato or corn leaves as an addition to their food, just make sure it is cooked properly.
- Give them enough water to drink
How to make money raising pigs? Again, remember that you need to analyze the price movement of live pork. The higher the price of pork, the greater the profit
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