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Angeln Saddleback Pig: Behavior, Life, and More

The Angeln Saddleback pig is also known as the Angler Sattelschwein pig and is a rare breed of domestic pig that is raised primarily in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is a large, lop-eared, black pig with a white band around its body that continues to its front legs. Typical animal sizes are 350 kilograms in weight, 92 centimeters in height (in boars), and 300 kilograms in weight, 84 centimeters in height (in sows). Sows are very fertile and produce a lot of milk.

The Angeln Saddleback pigs were crossed with a white Landrace pig and a black Wessex Saddleback pig and are originally from Angeln, Germany. It was accepted as a new breed of pig in 1937. By the 1950s, it already had a significant local market share. However, in recent years, it has almost completely died out as market sentiment has turned against its fatty meat.

Angeln Saddleback Pig origin

This breed of pig, the Angeln Saddleback pig is a rare German domestic breed, developed only in the early 1930s. It is one of the indigenous breeds of Germany and was developed through the crossing of local pigs, this occurred in the early 1930s, with the breed officially established in 1937. Interest in the Angeln Saddleback began to grow from here due to its “fat” nature and the populations began to increase thereafter.

In recent years, populations have declined, as markets have shifted to a less fatty type of pig in the 1950s. This led to the breed being listed as rare. The breed is also known as Angler Sadelsvin in Denmark and Angler Sattelschwein.

Characteristics

Angeln Saddleback pigs are a large breed of pig that is raised primarily for the production of pork. The breed is generally black in color, with a white band around its body. The breed also has bow-shaped ears and is a very hardy breed. The Angeln Saddleback pig also has a very powerful nose, which it uses to search for food.

At full maturity, boars can reach 92 centimeters in height and a live average body weight of 350 kilograms. Sows, for their part, usually reach 84 centimeters in height and 300 kilograms in weight. Also a very hardy breed, Angeln Saddlebacks are housed in both outdoor and extensive pig farm systems.

It is a breed that was developed less than 100 years ago, fortunately, the Angeln Saddleback survives to this day. They tend to live for anything up to 10 years of age and are a very clean breed of pig.

Classification

The Angeln Saddleback originated in Angeln, a region of northern Germany that belonged to Denmark before 1885. It was developed by a cross between a white and a black race, as well as a Wessex-Saddleback type specimen. In 1937, it was accepted as a new breed and in the 1950s the Angler Sattelschwein pig had a large market share, but a few years later it appears to be too fast for the consumer and the breed is almost extinct. Like all pigs, it belongs to the Suidae family.

Behavior

Pigs are calm but very active, so they are suitable for free-range rearing. Their activism keeps them rolling and exploring. Sows are very fertile and can give birth to a good number of piglets. They also tend to be good mothers.

These types of pigs are tough and robust. This feature allows them to survive in different climates without having to face any problems.

Habitats and distribution

The Angeln Saddleback pig is a rare breed of domestic pig that is mainly cultivated in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, it is also known as Angler Sattelschwein and by the Danish: Angler sadelsvin. Angeln Saddleback pigs are very hardy animals. They are well adapted to outdoor management or extensive pig farming system.

In 1937, the breed was established in Schleswig-Holstein as a separate and distinct breed. And in the 1950s it already had a significant local market share. The Angeln Saddleback breed of pig has become almost completely extinct in recent years as market sentiment has turned against its fatty meat. It has large dimensions, floppy ears, black with a “white belt around the body.” Its legs are also white.

Reproduction

Sows have excellent maternal skills and are generally very fertile. They also produce an abundance of milk for their young. Sows tend to have a litter size of up to 12 piglets, although the average is 6 to 12.

Protection and conservation

Some organic farms have cared for this pig, which is well suited for outdoor farming. There are still very few herd book farms that breed this robust and happy breed. In order to ensure the preservation of the breed in Germany, fattening pigs were imported from Hungary a few years ago, which arrived there after the Second World War.

This class of Pig was declared an “Endangered Farm Animal Breed of the Year” in 1990 by the Society for the Conservation of Old and Endangered Breeds of Pets (GEH). Since 1991 there is a working group of pig and wild boar farmers that is dedicated to the conservation and distribution of pigs. In February 2008, Slow Food, the international organization for the preservation of traditional foods, added the breed to its Ark of Taste.

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