Soviet wool goat is a breed of goats raised for wool. The breed was developed in Kazakhstan and the republics of Middle Asia between 1947 and 1962 by crossing local coarse-wooled goats with Angora goats.
The breed is adapted to living year-round in the valley and high-mountain pastures. It is used to improve the wool productivity of local coarse-wooled goats. Soviet wool goats are raised in Kazakhstan, the Northern Caucasus, and the republics of Middle Asia.
Origin and history
The Soviet wool goat breed was excavated in the USSR between 1947 and 1967, through continuous work on crossing thick wool goats with representatives of the Angora breed.
Animals of this breed have a strong build and well-developed forms, but they do not look rude. The muscles of the goats of this breed are well developed. The skin has a good mesh layer
Males weigh 55–65 kg, and females 38–40 kg. The wool is similar to angora: the white mohair is lustrous and uniform. It is of the 46th-56th quality. One-year-old goats yield wood that is 18–20 cm in length. A clipping from males yields 3–4 kg and from females 1.5–2 kg. The yield of washed wool is 75–80 percent. One hundred females usually produce between 105 and 110 offspring.
Small head, with medium horns, hooked nose, hanging ears. Tall, heavy, broad torso. The legs are set exactly, the ligaments well developed. The chest is powerful and deep, and the back is straight. Very similar in structure to thick wool goats, but much larger than Angora
The height of goats is fifty-six to sixty centimeters, and goats are seventy to seventy-five centimeters. The average weight of goats varies from thirty-seven to forty kilograms, and goats weigh from fifty-five kilograms to sixty kilograms
Goats of the Soviet wool breed, because they have a very good coat, can graze all year round in open pastures. Even in winter, in mountain grazing representatives of this breed do not experience discomfort
The wool of this breed in type, composition, strength is reminiscent of moker. In goats, the trunk, neck, and legs are specially developed. The quality of the rune of the Soviet goats outnumbers that of Angora in the one below, and the transitional hair is minimal, the content of the camp is one to one and a half percent. Soviet goats give her wool, which is thinner and slightly shorter than the famous mohair, but much thicker than her. In industry, the wool of a new breed of goat is as valuable as alpaca or angora wool
Growing and productivity
If goats live in a comfortable climate zone, they grow very fast and can be cut twice a year. Cutting a goat in the fall, in the spring its coat grows to fourteen centimeters
Productivity for the meat of this type of goat is not bad before the slaughter mass of goats castrated at the age of four is forty-six kilograms, and the slaughter mass is 20 kilograms.
It should be noted that this type of goat is not milked, but with proper feeding of the four-month lactation period, the goat produces one hundred kilograms of milk, which is enough for feeding children no more.
The fertility of this breed ranges from one hundred to four hundred and six hundred children’s sheep, and in very good condition, it is one hundred and sixteen or one hundred and twenty children. Goat, born, which weighs a little more than three kilograms, and goat weighs two kilograms of eight grams. By six months of age, babies are gaining forty-eight percent of the weight of adult animals, and by two and a half years, this figure has already reached eighty-eight percent.
Goatskin skins are used for sewing children’s fur coats, and adult animal skins after bandaging are used for sewing various leather things.
The Soviet race spread more widely on the territory of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Tuva, the Republic of Dagestan, the North Caucasus, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and the Pamirs.
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