Bare-necked or Naked Neck chickens seem to be one of those cases in nature in which species undergo genetic mutation processes. In this post, we offer you all the most relevant information about this rarity
History, Origin, and other Characteristics
The origin of this genetic trait apparently dates back several centuries and was the product of a natural mutation that occurred in Transylvania, Romania.
The main feature that characterizes these birds is their neck, devoid of plumage and reddish. But they also lack feathers in less visible parts of the body such as under their wings, the back, and both sides of their breast.
The naked neck chicken has a raised tail, and its abdomen more curved than that of other of its relatives. Its head is long, with a crest, a long chin, and ears. The chest is elliptical in shape, its metatarsals are yellow and without plumage.
They are usually white, black, gray, brown, they are not very large, they seldom exceed a kilogram (except for those hybrids like SASSO), for this reason, they are most often raised as layers.
The nudity of any of its parts constitutes a benefit for these chickens when they grow up in hot climates since they can reduce the effects of the heat on their body.
As heat is not a problem that causes them greater stress, they remain very active, even when the temperature in the environment is high. And it is that they really are devoid of the thick plumage that other races have. About 40% fewer feathers on its entire body. This is due to the pair of genetic elements that govern this phenomenon. On the other hand, they are birds that demand less protein than others, essential during their plumage changes, so they use the nutrients they have consumed very efficiently, especially amino acids and trace elements.
Bare-necked chickens are very kind. They provide their owners with eggs with recurrence, they are also very good meat, appreciated for sancochos and soups.
They are excellent mothers, with their chicks they establish a loving, caring relationship from the time they hatch. For this reason, it is said that this type of hens often becomes broody.
They are frequently raised in domestic patios, especially in rural and peri-urban areas, either to give eggs or meat and even as pets.
Their maintenance is not expensive, since they themselves can look for food in the environment: insects, crawling animals, and organic waste are enough to live, although it will always be good to nourish them with vitamins and minerals that can be found in corn grains or in food for chickens, especially if they are raised as layers.
The diseases that normally afflict other birds, naked neck chickens do not affect them as regularly, as they are very resistant to certain parasites and other evils that usually surround the open places where they live.
Naked neck chickens are excellent layers. If you are interested in these hens to obtain their positions, you must provide them with the best care so that they feel comfortable in their habitat. A good chicken coop, clean, spacious, devoid of dangers and other elements that stress them.
You should also take care of their nests so that they are ready to hatch their eggs comfortably. They love nests made of straw or shavings, preferably in high spaces on the floor, because like all chickens they fear predators.
Being good mothers, they watch over their eggs, so when collecting them you must do it carefully to avoid disturbing them. They lay an egg every day, reaching between 8 and 10, hatching them for about 21 days, so you must be very careful to remove them in time, before their chicks hatch, in case your purpose is to use the eggs. I eat food.
Naked Neck Chicken in the Philippines
There are many types of naked neck chickens in the Philippines. Locally, they are called cobra due to their unique neck that looks like a cobra snake. There are big and small breeds. Since this type of chicken has been existing for a long period of time, there are already a lot of crosses between small naked necks and big hybrid chickens like Kabir, and even broiler chickens.
Sasso, however, has developed a naked neck chicken for meat. They are big and fast-growing hybrids of chicken. There are several colors of “SASSO Cobra” (as we call it), but mostly, what is available here in the Philippines is the brown naked neck. The colors can change if being crossed with other breeds.
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